Provide exclusive rights to inventors for a fixed period of time in exchange for the disclosure of an invention. A patent provides the right to exclude others from making, using, selling, offering to sale or importing the patented invention for the term of the patent, which is usually 20 years from the date the patent is filed with the national patent office.

Is a formula, practice, process, design, instrument, pattern, or compilation of information which is not generally known or reasonably ascertainable, by which a business can obtain an economic advantage over competitors or customers. In some jurisdictions, such secrets are referred to as "confidential business information" or "classified information".

Is the protection from unauthorized commercial use of health and efficacy data submitted for regulatory purposes.

Also known as plant breeder's rights, are rights granted to the breeder of a new variety of plant that give him exclusive control over the propagating material (including seed, cuttings, divisions, tissue culture) and harvested material (cut flowers, fruit, foliage) of a new variety for a number of years.

Is a set of exclusive rights granted to the author or creator of an original work, including the right to copy, distribute and adapt the work. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works.

Is granted to reduce confusion in the marketplace by preventing the unlicensed use of the registered mark, or one of a similar nature, on goods which are the same or similar to those for which the mark is registered.

An agreement about Aspects of Intellectual Property related to trade, TRIPS, according to its acronym in English. It was established in December of 1993 in the Uruguay GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) round, when the member countries agreed to revise their laws and adapt them in order to protect the patents, trademarks, copyright, industrial designs and trade secrets. The application for countries in general was to begin on the 1st of January of 1996 and for developing countries on the 1st of January of 2000.

An invention is any human intellect creation, capable of being used in industry, which complies with the patent conditions foreseen in this law. It can be a product, a machine, a tool or a manufacturing procedure, accounting processes, software, and it will be protected by the invention patent. Also protected the creation of a new technical idea and of the physical means to put it into practice or give it tangible form. For an invention to be patented it must be new, have some usefulness and be distinct from other similar ones.

It is one of the 16 specialized agencies of the United Nations system. Its venue is Geneve, Switzerland and was created in 1967. It is responsible for promoting the protection of intellectual property around the world.

International organism responsible for the exchange rules between nations. Its three fundamental objectives are: help trade to flow with the greatest freedom possible; to serve as a forum for trade negotiations and to propitiate the resolution of disputes.

Source

www.registronacional.go.cr
www.wipo.int